In the U.S., each state has its own system for paying unemployment benefits to qualified individuals who are out of work. While each state’s process can vary, there will be many similarities. Here are some common Unemployment FAQ’s (frequently asked questions) based on the policies and practices of the GA Department of Labor.
Employers must register with the entity that handles unemployment in each state where the company has employees, even if the company does not have a physical location there.
Most states require companies to provide employees with some type of documentation at the time of termination. In Georgia, employers must complete a “Separation Notice.” The form is mandatory, regardless of the reason for the separation of employment (quit, terminated, etc.).
The appropriate state agency will notify a company once a former employee files an unemployment claim. It is important to provide responsive information regarding the employee’s termination. An employer’s challenge to a request for unemployment will fail if the company does not provide necessary information to the unemployment tribunal in a timely fashion.
When a former employee receives unemployment, the State will charge the employer’s account for the benefits that are paid.
Employers must submit reports (quarterly and/or yearly) to determine how much unemployment tax is due. The amount of tax is a percentage based on the wages the company has paid to its employees, up to a certain designated amount per person.
The Georgia Departmenplains that there are 3 critical requirements to receive unemployment benefits under its rules:
1. A person’s earnings must meet a certain threshold amount during the “base period” to set up a claim.
2. The person must be unemployed through no fault of their own, such as:
3. The person must be able to work, be available for work, and be actively seeking work each week they claim benefits.
To continue receiving benefits, a person receiving unemployment typically will have to “certify” each week that they are searching for work and may have to submit proof of those efforts.
Unemployment FAQ’s #3 – What can disqualify a person from receiving unemployment benefits?
1. The employer receives notice of the claim and is given the opportunity to submit information regarding the termination.
2. The state agency issues a claims determination regarding eligibility for benefits.
3. The claims determination can be appealed by either the employer or employee.
4. The “losing” party can appeal the hearing officer’s decision.
5. The State’s trial and appellate court systems handle further appeals of the Board of Review’s decision.
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